Ransomware protection is a malicious software that affects the data and encrypts the important files until some ransom is paid to decrypt them. It spreads through phishing emails and unsecured websites.
- Step 1:Most of the people encounter this problem when they enter the infected websites or virus emails unknowingly.
- Step 2:Ransomware enters via the downloaded files from the hazardous website. It works different from other viruses, and it holds the essential files as a hostage with encryption.
- Step 3:One of the most challenging operations in finding out the ransomware is accessing its storage network. Ransomware could not be stopped even after the backup process. But the loss and damage of files may decrease.
- Step 4:An antivirus may protect your device only by detecting the known ransomware in the world, but it cannot stop the ransomware if it takes control of your system entirely.
How to protect against ransomware
Preventing your device from ransomware attacks is the best Ransomware protection that you could offer to your system.
- Step 1:The primary way to survive a ransomware attack is to maintain a secure, up-to-date backup of all your essential files and updating your Operating System(OS).
- Step 2:Perform a regular backup and recovery process to reduce the impact of the ransomware attack.
- Step 3:Otherwise, the system may lose relevant data and paves the way to deterioration.
- Step 4:Download and Install a standard antivirus to scan the malware attacks regularly. The antivirus also helps to scan all the software downloaded from the internet.
- Step 5:Restrict the user's permission to download and install the unnecessary software on the system. It will keep the limitations of malware attacks and prevents system failure.
- Step 6:Avoid enabling macros from email attachments because it stops ransomware from getting implemented on your device.
- Step 7:Download the necessary software patches to make your operating system more efficient.
Windows 10 protect ransomware
Windows consists of a security feature named as Ransomware Protection that is built-in as default to protect the system against ransomware. The feature is disabled by default on most of the Windows OS. Windows 10 has a ransomware's protection feature that consists of two components, namely Controlled Folder Access and Ransomware Data Recovery. Controlled Folder Access will allow the user to block all the programs and permits to monitor some specific files for protection against a ransomware attack.On the other hand, Ransomware Data Recovery allows the user to backup the files automatically to Microsoft OneDrive account by synchronizing the standard data folders.If your device is attacked by ransomware, you can back up the data from the Microsoft OneDrive account. If you use any other antivirus other than Windows Defender, then you cannot access the Ransomware Protection.
Follow these steps to enable the protect ransomware on Windows:
- Step 1:Navigate to the Start menu and type Windows Security in the search box.
- Step 2:You can also access the Windows Security by selecting SettingsUpdate & SecurityWindows Security.
- Step 3:Click the Virus & Threat Protection icon in the Windows Security window.
- Step 4:Go to the bottom of the screen to find Ransomware's Protection and select the Manage ransomware 'sprotection option.
- Step 5:Enable the Controlled Folder Access by turning the On/Off button to On position.
- Step 6:Now, log in to Microsoft OneDrive to access the Ransomware's Protection feature.
- Step 7:Finally, configure the Controlled Folder Access and select the files that need to be monitored from a ransomware attack.
How to protect mac from ransomware
It is a general thought that ransomware is created to target the Windows systems, but Apple is also vulnerable to these kinds of threats.
- Step 1:Use standard antivirus software to clean up the infected files on your Mac. Sometimes, paying for the encrypted files does not decrypt your data. It will run after some time to raise the same issue. Therefore, avoid paying for ransomware attacks.
- Step 2:Remove the external storage devices like hard disks immediately when you find that your system is affected by ransomware.
- Step 3:It will decrease the loss of data after the ransomware attack.
- Step 4:Also, disconnect the network sharing devices by clicking the Eject icon from the Finder sidebar.
- Step 5:Download and install the 'RansomWhere' application to detect the infected files attacked by the ransomware.
- Step 6:The RansomWhere application runs in the background on your Mac to identify the Ransomware activities.
- Step 7:Avoid opening suspicious email attachments because most of the ransomware spread through phishing emails.
- Step 8:Restrict the use of dodgy software or patches because it may look like a free software patch for your Mac, but it is easy to spread ransomware through the dodgy software.
- Step 9:Ensure that your Mac is updated to the latest version or install periodic upgrades to prevent ransomware attacks.
- Step 10:Install the standard software and patches only from the official sites.
- Step 11:Back up your essential Mac files to iCloud frequently and disconnect your backup drive once Mac files are successfully backed up.
- Step 12:If you are infected by ransomware suddenly, you can restore the encrypted files from the iCloud storage.
How to test ransomware's protection
- Step 1:Ransomware protection is tested using a ransomware simulator and many other third-party tools.
- Step 2:In many cases, the result of testing ransomware's protection itself has become a threat of implementing ransomware.
- Step 3:Hackers also create a loophole while testing your ransomware's protection with unknown software or tools.
- Step 4:It is recommended to avoid testing ransomware's protection unless the tool or site the user wishes to use is trustworthy.
How to protect phone from ransomware
Ransomware attacks are also identified in mobile phones nowadays.
In many Android mobiles, the Safe mode feature is enabled to check for the malware attacks, but deleting the infected files is the only option.
The user cannot decrypt the encrypted data after a ransomware attack the phone. Therefore, to protect your phone from ransomware attacks, follow these steps:
- Step 1:Update your phone to the latest Operating System(OS) version, and keep all your applications up-to-date.
- Step 2:Perform a regular backup of essential files to the Cloud storage or external drives to avoid the loss of data.
- Step 3:Avoid downloading applications from unknown sources and block phishing emails.
- Step 4:Restrict the use of third-party applications to prevent your phone from ransomware attacks.
- Step 5:Sometimes, you may encounter ransomware with a pop-up advertisement or some installation requests while you operate your mobile.
- Step 6:It is recommended to avoid such actions suggested on your phone because it might have been generated by the hackers who try to send a ransomware.
- Step 7:Protect your phone from ransomware using a standard antivirus application.
- Step 8:Scan frequently to detect the malware on your phone and delete it immediately.
Chrome ransomware protection
- Step 1:Google Chrome is one of the most popular web browsers in the world because it focuses more on security. Chrome can perform a complete system scan using Chrome Cleanup to detect ransomware.
- Step 2:To scan your system using Chrome, type
chrome://settings/cleanup in the Chrome address bar.
- Step 3:It will prompt you to open the Chrome settings.
- Step 4:Select the Scan button from the bottom of the Chrome settings page to start scanning on your computer.
- Step 5:Google's policy is to check for unwanted software installed on your device.
- Step 6:Some installed applications on your device may upload your data to the remote servers without your knowledge.
- Step 7:Therefore, Chrome performs a system scan to detect these kinds of harmful applications to avoid the risk of data loss.
- Step 8:Chrome Cleanup can also enhance the security system on your device. It will act as an extra security layer to your defense system.
- Step 9:By using these steps we can execute that ransomware protection.